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Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto era foreign policy

Check Out Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto On eBay. Find It On eBay. But Did You Check eBay? Find Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto On eBay Huge Selection on Second Hand Books. Low Prices & Free Delivery. Start Shopping! World of Books is one of the largest online sellers of second-hand books in the worl Rafi Raza, Mr. Bhutto's Minister for Industries, went to Moscow in December 1974 and brought back word of a Soviet agreement to advance 4.5 billion rupees, in foreign exchange, to help Pakistan build a steel mill near Karachi. He said the mill would go into production in 1980, employ some 40,000 persons, and help the development of Port Qasim

12. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto‟s government created the Afghan Cell within Pakistan‟s foreign office and assigned it a policy that included strengthening ties with and empowering Islamists in exile in Pakistan, and improving Pakistan‟s influence over governments in Kabul. In July 1973, Sardar Dauod, an ardent champion of Pukhtoonistan. Foreign Policies During Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Era - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Pakistan foreign policy during the era of 1971-197 Foreign Policy of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto As Foreign Minister, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto significantly transformed Pakistan's hitherto pro-Western foreign policy. While maintaining a prominent role for Pakistan within the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization and the Central Treaty Organization, Bhutto began asserting a foreign policy course for Pakistan that was independent from US influence

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Based off my limited information as Indian I would say Zulfiqar Bhutto and his policy for Pakistan at that time was most beneficial and far sighted. Some of his key decisions continue to pay dividends even today and the major one among them is rel.. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Foreign policy. He strengthened relations with China, former USSR, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and the Arab world. Bhutto visited China and China gave $110 loan to Pakistan. In 1972 military and economic aid came from China , 60 MiG fighters and many tanks

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  1. The Age of Reforms. Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in his very first speech on the night of 20 December, 1971, declared that he would introduce various reforms and would come down with a heavy hand on corruption: his declared objective being to put the social and economic system right. The reforms introduced by the People's Government reflect a.
  2. The strength of Bhutto lies in its ability to capture the personal life and loss of Benazir and the Bhutto family, including her father, former Prime Minister (and President) Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
  3. ister with a strong majority in the national assembly he was prime
  4. Bhutto's Economic Reforms. Bhutto and his party came to rule by clamouring socialist reforms for the poor and deprived classes of the state. ' Rotti, Kapra aur Makkan' was there frequently enchanted slogan. Bhutto's economic policies were influenced by socialist ideas and promises to the removal of feudalism
  5. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1928-1979) Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928. He was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. He was the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), which is one of the largest political parties in Pakistan

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was one of the rare political leaders who had the instinct and broad vision to read the political situation vigilantly. Bhutto's shrewdness and farsightedness led Pakistan towards the successful Nuclear Program. The pursuit of Nuclear Technology created hype in the political world, especially in the sub-continental region 'Welcome back,' we greeted Zulfikar Ali Bhutto at Karachi airport on his return from Europe in October 1966 as President Ayub Khan's former Foreign Minister. His cousin Mumtaz Ali Bhutto1 and I were the only two present to meet him—far outnumbered by the police who, like ZAB, had expected a large gathering. This was ZAB's period in the.

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What Zulfikar Ali Bhutto did internally and vis-à-vis India, however, was in stark contrast to his policy choices in external affairs. He actively supported Ayub Khan in his presidential referendum against Fatima Jinnah and backed Operation Gibraltar in Kashmir that resulted in an all-out war with India in 1965 3. Bhutto and Islamization in Pakistan Introduction About Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (January 5, 1928 - April 4, 1979) was a Pakistani politician, active in the early years of the Pakistani Government. He was the son of Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto. Bhutto served in the position of President (from 1971 to 1973) and as Prime Minister.

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  1. So far, PTI's strategy in Sindh has been lacklustre. It has tried to make an attempt in Sindh through people like the late Mumtaz Ali Bhutto, Liaquat Jatoi, Nadir Akmal Leghari and even Haleem Adil Sheikh but without much success. Perhaps, Dr Zulfiqar Mirza or his wife Dr Fahmida Mirza would have been a better choice from an anti-PPP perspective
  2. Hailing from the feudal background of Larkana, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the son of Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, born on January 5, 1928. After completion of his early education, he moved to Bombay, where.
  3. ister of commerce,
  4. istration and unleash the country from the dependency position. Thus, Mr. Z.A. Bhutto directed and formulated an aggressive foreign policy in a manner which was not subjective to the greater powers

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Bhutto Era Amendments in the Constitution 1973: An Analysis in the context of Federalism 261 People are guaranteed about personal and collective liberty and their basic rights are safeguarded. The constitution elaborates the infrastructure of administrative, judicial, political and democratic system. The Constitution of any nation is a lega Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto ruled Pakistan as Prime Minister from 1972 -1977. During five years of his rule, Bhutto introduced nationalization and land reforms in Pakistan. This article discusses Bhutto's reforms, their purpose, and their impact on the economy of Pakistan Others grasped it clearly following the devastating partition of Pakistan in 1971 or watching the hanging of former Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto following a military coup in 1977 In response, Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto supported an Islamist movement in Afghanistan, a strategy that Islamabad would replicate two decades later in Afghanistan, this time with the Taliban. For Islamabad, the strategy was two-fold

Pakistan had adopted rather strong policy towards its neighbour Afghanistan during Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's premiership. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan provided basis to Pakistani leadership for active involvement in Afghanistan which lately caused serious repercussions for Pakistan. Pakistan's foreign policy has gone through variou With all of this, what really is the urgent need of the hour is looking back at the real foundations of Pakistan's foreign policy, which were set by Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Malaysia combined. The era is also marked by the establishment of mega projects of Tarbela and Mangla dam. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (PPP) took charge of the government in 1971, he followed the policies of Nationalization. The process of Nationalization started in January 1972. Under this policy, he nationalized banks, industries, insurance companie

Foreign Policy - Zulfikar Ali Bhutt

Foreign Policy Independent Foreign Policy. Before Bhutto was prime minister, he had remained Pakistan's foreign minister from 1963-65, and had good diplomatic skills and knowledge of international relations. After the unfortunate loss of Bengal in the war of 1971, Pakistani spirit was low Similarly, his nationalization policy and military operation in Balochistan also started during this period. So be careful! [Successes] Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the 9 th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 14 August 1973 to 5 July 1977

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From his early days as foreign minister in the 1960s, Bhutto had called for an independent and non-aligned foreign policy, free of US encroachment as well as the closing down of US military bases. In the course of the 1970s, a nationalization program of key industries under the PPP government was carried out, which undermined the interests of. Mon Jul 12, 2021 12:00 AM. Pakistan's Foreign Minister, Zulfikar All Bhutto, walking out of the Security Council on December 15, 1971, after a failed attempt to pass a resolution calling for. What Zulfikar Ali Bhutto did internally and vis-à-vis India, however, was in stark contrast to his policy choices in external affairs. He actively supported Ayub Khan in his presidential referendum against Fatima Jinnah and backed Operation Gibraltar in Kashmir that resulted in an all-out war with India in 1965 ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO. Political Career. In 1957, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the youngest member of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations. In 1958, he became Pakistans youngest cabinet minister. He was assigned ministry of Water and Power. He was then given ministry of Commerce, Communication and Industry. Close and trustworthy to Ayub Khan

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was handed over the presidency in December 1971 and the emergency rule was imposed. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto sought a peace agreement, Shimla agreement with Indra Gandhi, Premier of India, and brought back 93,000 prisoners of war to Pakistan and secured 5,000 sq miles (13,000 km2) held by India without compromising on Kashmir. Policy Comparison of Ayub Khan and Bhutto. Course: Pakistan History (SS201) Comparison of polices and r efor ms implemented b y F ield Marshall. A yub Khan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. A yub Khan and Bhutto, both aimed their policies and re f orms f or betterme nt and s tability of t he socio-. economic clima te of P akistan The era of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was an important and golden era in the history of Pakistan which will always be remembered. If Pakistan is a nuclear power today, it is because of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Pakistan Peoples Party is still the largest party in Pakistan. The people cannot forget his innumerable achievements in foreign policy. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Family His mother, Khurshid Begum, and father, Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, were dewan of Junagadh and maintained strong ties with British Raj officers. The couple's 1 st child Sikandar passed away in 1914 at the age of seven due to pneumonia, and 2 nd child, Imdad, passed away in 1953 owing to cirrhosis Pakistani Foreign Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto addresses the UN Security Council on 15 December 1971. We have met here today at a grave moment in the history of my country and I would request the Council kindly to bear with me and to hear the truth, the bitter truth. I know the United Nations; I know the Security Council I have attended their.

Foreign Policies During Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Era Zulfikar

Indeed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the darkest ever character of Pakistani politics. This is not to say that there was no positive side in Bhutto; however, the negative side of his person enormously eclipsed the positive side - continues to eclipse our political vision and practice even in 21st century. Advertisement The casino also had bars, restaurants, guest rooms and a nightclub. The Bhutto regime was expecting a windfall of foreign exchange and a booming entertainment and hoteling industry to emerge around the casino. In March 1977, the Bhutto regime got cornered by a violent protest movement by a right-wing alliance of opposition parties influence of islam on the political discourse in pakistan during zulfiqar ali bhuto era (1970-1977. download. influence of islam on the political discourse in pakistan during zulfiqar ali bhuto era (1970-1977. Foreign Policy of Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Impact of the personality on the foreign policy making process and decision making is most contentious. It is the leaders who make decisions not state and foreign policies of the modern world has been under the shadows of leadership motives, believes and personal backgrounds

Zulfikar ali bhutto politics of charisma

Foreign Policy of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto - Assignment Topic

  1. The state of Pakistan declared the Ahmadiyyas a not-Muslim community during the rule of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in Pakistan. Zulfiqar is the father of Benazir Bhutto who later became the Prime Minister of Pakistan and alleged to be assassinated in the conspiracy by his husband Asif Ali Zardari. Asif Ali Zardari later became the president of Pakistan
  2. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was born in Larkana on 5 th January 1928. His father, Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto was a feudal lord of Larkana and a member of legislative council in Bombay in 1921. .Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto completed his early education from Bishop High School Karachi. Then, he passed his Senior Cambridge from Cathedral High School Bombay in 1946
  3. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto married Nusrat Isphahani on September 8, 1951. He was called to Bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1953, and the same year his first child, Benazir Bhutto, was born on June 21. On his return to Pakistan, Bhutto started practicing Law at Dingomal's. In 1958, he joined President Iskander Mirza's Cabinet as Commerce Minister
  4. ..Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 - 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician and statesman who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.He was also the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979 Early Life: Educated at.
  5. istrative and aggressive leadership to lead this nuclear deterrence programme, Bhutto is often known as Father of Nuclear deterrence programme.[5][42][43] Bhutto's interest in nuclear technology.
  6. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born to great wealth on Jan. 5, 1928, on his family's estates near Larkana, about 200 miles northeast of Karachi in the arid Sind region
  7. Surprisingly, the elections resulted the supermajority of Pakistan Peoples Party and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, securing 155 seats out of 200 The result was a victory for the Pakistan People's Party , which won 155 of the 200 elected seats, including 19 that were uncontested as the Pakistan National Alliance boycotted the Balochistan elections due to.

Bhutto`s foreign policy legacy - DAWN

In October 1965, as Foreign Minister, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto visited Vienna, where nuclear engineer Munir Ahmad Khan working at a senior technical post at the IAEA, informed him of the status of Indian nuclear programme and the options Pakistan had to develop its own nuclear capability.[citation needed] Both agreed on the need for Pakistan to. Assuming the throne of Pakistan ironically forced him to sail the ship of Pakistan towards the east from the west unexpectedly. And if we take a glance at the pre-partition (1971) era, it is witnessed that Pakistan's foreign policy was completely based on the west, but sooner the partition took place Bhutto shifted the foreign policy of Pakistan towards the oil rich middle-eastern states and.

Benazir Bhutto was the first elected female Prime Minister of Pakistan. She was also the first female leader to lead an Islamic Country. She was elected twic.. Benazir Bhutto, the first woman prime minister of a modern Muslim state, is clearly the beneficiary of dynastic politics and of the emotional ties of a large section of the electorate to her charismatic family. However, this legacy as the daughter of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto has proven to be a mixed political blessing Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born to Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto and Khursheed Begum nee Lakhi Bai, in Larkana, Sindh in present day Pakistan. His father was the prime minister of the erstwhile Junagadh estate. He studied at Cathedral and John Connon School in Bombay (present day Mumbai)

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928 in Larkana and received his higher education from Bombay, California and Oxford University. After graduating, he started practising law in Karachi and teaching international law at SM Law College. His fame soon reached government houses. In 1958, Ayub Khan included him in his cabinet as a minister Today is Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's 92nd birthday anniversary. Bhutto was a mercurial, mysterious man, a spellbinding orator, an astute & ruthless political intrigant. He was a socialist-minded politician, a reckless adventurer, a man who founded a new strategic foreign policy set up the nuclear program We will eat grass but we will build a bomb. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928. He was the only son of Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto.Married at Karachi to Ms Nusrat Ispahani September 8, 1951 He handled the problem of unrest in Balochistan more successfully than had Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Zia used various schemes of economic development to assuage the Baloch and was successful to a high degree Tahir Yousuf. The 93rd birth anniversary of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, former prime minister of Pakistan and founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), was observed today across the country. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on 5 January 1928. He was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and as the Prime. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto belonged to a noble Rajput family. He was born in Sindh to Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto and Khursheed Begum (née Lakhi Bai) near Larkana.Zulfikar was their third child—their first one, Sikandar Ali, had died from pneumonia at age seven in 1914, and the second, Imdad Ali, died of cirrhosis at age 39 in 1953. His father was the dewan of the princely state of Junagadh, and enjoyed.

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Urdu: ذوالفقار علی بھٹو‎) (IPA: [zʊlfɪqɑːɾ ɑli bʱʊʈːoː]; 5 January 1928 - 4 April 1979) was the ninth Prime Minister of Pakistan (1973-77) and its fourth President (1971-73).Revered as Quaid-i-Awam (قا ئد عوام; People's Leader), he founded thePakistan People's Party (PPP) and served as its chairman until. Pakistan. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, 1971-77. Bhutto lifted martial law within several months, and after an interim constitution granting him broad powers as president, a new constitution was promulgated in April 1973 and came into effect on August 14 of that year, the twenty-sixth anniversary of the country's independence

Was Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's time in power bad for the

Abstract. December 27, 1979 — the day of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan — was an unusually clear watershed in the relationship between the United States and Pakistan. Earlier in 1979, the traditionally strong U.S.-Pakistani relationship had reached a nadir. The Carter administration, which had never been comfortable dealing with the. Banazeer Bhotto. Daughter of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (a political leader and former Prime Minister) and Nusrat Bhutto (former Member of Parliament and Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan) Married, December 18, 1987 to Asif Ali Zardari (in business, twice elected Member of National Assembly and Senate) Children: Bilawal, Bakhtwar and Aseefa The military also hanged highly popular Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and allegedly managed the murder of his daughter Benazir Bhutto. No civil government, except the President Zardari's (2008- 20013), could complete the constitutional tenure in sixty-seven years history Later, the National Assembly passed the interim constitution and PM Zulfiqar Bhutto assumed the office and handled Pakistan's foreign affairs. As of 9th Pakistani PM, he became a principal architect of Pak-China relations in 1962. Zulfiqar Bhutto and Mao Zedong manifested Sino-Pak alliance, leading to ties with China She returned to Pakistan to political turmoil. Her father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, had been made Prime Minister in 1971 after the debacle of the separation of Bangladesh. That separation was caused in large part by the intransigence of Ali Bhutto. He ruled as Prime Minister until 1977 when he was deposed as a result of the military coup of Zia ul-Haq

Notes on Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's Reforms 1971 - 1977

While the era of Bhutto was unlucky, there was the least growth in this time owing to its policies of nationalization space created no sound policy could come up. In second military rule under the Zia Ul Haq it was same there was dictatorship no one focused on the agricultural sector; rather the country moved on running on foreign aids Bhutto moved decisively to restore national confidence and pursued an active foreign policy, taking a leading role in Islamic and Third World forums. Although Pakistan did not formally join the non-aligned movement until 1979, the position of the Bhutto government coincided largely with that of the non-aligned nations Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali (zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928-79, Pakistani political leader.Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub Khan Ayub Khan, Muhammad, 1907-74, military leader and president (1958-69) of Pakistan Her father Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was Pakistan's prime minister in the 1970s, General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq overthrew her father's government. One year after Zia-ul-Haq became president in 1978, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged on charges of authorizing the murder of an opponent decision of hanging Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was taken in very Haste because of alleged dictatorship influence

Foreign Policies During Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Era | Zulfikar

While the initial years of foreign policy were determined by the Kashmir dispute, the anti-India fervor was etched further after the change of government in 1972. Having lost the Eastern wing, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto pledged 'a thousand years of war with India. Pakistan's Foreign Policy towards Russia: New Directions Muhammad Taimur Fahad Khan Abstract Since the end of the Cold War, the world entered the era of economic interdependence and cooperation. In contemporary times, no country in Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's visit 30 years earlier.14 The focus of these high-leve 1973 -Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto 4.7 1974-1977 Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto 9.9 1978-1983 Zia ul Haq 13.1 1987 Zia ul Haq 17.7 1990 Benazir Bhutto 24.0 1991 Nawaz Sharif 25.0 1994 Benazir Bhutto 30.6 1996 Benazir.

Zia-ul-Haq died in an air crash near Bhawalpur on August 17, 1988. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (January 5, 1928-April 4, 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the fourth President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and as the ninth Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977 Both Bhutto and Sharif have each separately stated that, while prime minister in the 1980s and 1990s, they did not control the nation's strategic weaponry. In March 2007, a fourth actor appeared on Pakistan's scene: the people. Not since the elections of 1977, won by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, has the country seen such a grass-roots movement for change Za bhutto era - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Za bhutto era Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto era: (1973-1977) After Noor ul Amin (1971-1971) who was elected as the Prime Minister as he had participated in the elections held in 1970, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (politician) became Prime Minister of Pakistan in 1973. He was also elected as the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 on 20th December and along with that was. Pakistan - Pakistan - Zia ul-Haq: Zia ul-Haq's initial declaration that he would return government to civilian hands was at variance with his behaviour. His subsequent change in direction hinted that there were powers behind the scene that were determined to eliminate Bhutto as an active player. Zia in fact called for a complete change in direction once the decision was made not to conduct.

Pakistan Studies (2059) - Section 3 Comprehensive Notes. Posted on September 20, 2015. September 24, 2015. by Admin. O Levels Pakistan Studies Syllabus is quite lengthy and it takes a lot of time to revise through every thing. Therefore, to overcome this problem GCE GUIDE has come up with a set of summarize notes to make the revision easier IF I AM ASSASSINATED ZULFIKAR ALI BHUTTO Reproduced by Sani H. Panhwar Member Sindh Council, PPP If I Am Assassinated By Zulfikar An Bhutto . Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (ذوالفقار علی بھٹو ) (5 January - 4 April ) was a Pakistani When Bhutto set about rebuilding Pakistan, he stated his intention was to rebuild confidence and rebuild.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Urdu: ذوالفقار علی بھٹو, Sindhi: ذوالفقار علي ڀُٽو, IPA: [zʊlfɪqɑːɾ ɑli bʱʊʈːoː]) (5 January 1928 - 4 April 1979) It is this third, neo-Cold War battle that made U.S. foreign policy makers decide to take the risk of arming Islamist rebels in Syria, because Syrian President, Bashar al-Assad, is a key Russian ally

Democracy vs Dictatorship: Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto-The GreatIran–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. From Wikipedia for FEVERv2. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto; 4th 8th and 12th Minister of Foreign Affairs; President: Ayub Khan. Ms. Bhutto's husband, Asif Ali Zardari, arrested the night Ms. Bhutto's Government was dismissed, has been held in a Karachi prison by the caretaker Government for questioning in his brother-in. There had been many times in Pakistan's history when stupid decisions were taken by the government. Nationalization in Bhutto's era was one of those decisions. 22 Families lost everything that they had worked for all their lives. BECO (Batala Engineering Company) is one such example. Late Chaudhry Mohammad Latif was the founder and chairman of th The third military era lasted from 1999 to 2008. Prior to this period, the office of prime minister was held by several politicians, including Benazir Bhutto (Zulfiqar's daughter) and Nawaz Sharif. In October 1999, however, Gen. Pervez Musharraf overthrew Sharif after the prime minister tried to replace him as head of the army But the real driver is the iniquitous Syria policy is far different. His name was Asif Zardari, and he was President of Pakistan when the Syrian uprising began in March 2011. Zardari paid a two-day visit to Syria in January 2010, and both sides agreed to revive relations to a level comparable with those of Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's. Jatoi had joined the PPP when Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had founded it in the late 1960s, was in Bhutto's first cabinet, and was later chief minister of Sindh until Zia overthrew Bhutto in 1977. Jatoi had remained supportive of the PPP during the martial law period and had spearheaded the campaign organized by the MRD against Zia's government